History of Supercomputing

Panel 9 -- 1984-1989

timeline only

Larger multiprocessor vector computers and the first parallel computers are delivered to DOE labs. Researchers work closely with computer vendors to improve the machine designs to meet the simulation needs of DOE. As established serial codes are ported to parallel platforms, researchers are able to consider larger and more complex problems.

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1984 Thinking Machines and Ncube are founded- parallel processing, Hitachi S-810/20, Fujitsu FACOM VP 200, Convex C-1, NEC SX-2
1985 Thinking Machines Connection Machine, Ultra High Speed Graphics Project-LANL (real-time animation, 1 billion operations per second)
First distributed memory parallel computer (Intel iPSC/1, 32 cpus) delivered to ORNL
1986 IBM 3090 VPF, message-passing multiprocessor simulator developed at ORNL
COMPUTATIONAL MATERIALS PHYSICS: First-principles theoretical studies of alloy and experiments composition, impurity segregation, and environmental embrittlement provide critical information on brittle fracture in intermetallic alloys, which greatly extends the usable temperature range for intermetallic alloys. (in 80s)
1987 Evans and Sutherland ES-1, Fujitsu VP-400E, NSFnet established, New tracer techniques developed by ORNL researchers at Oak Ridge Reservation help understand complex subsurface transport processes occuring in heterogeneous, fractured porous media
1988 Apollo, Ardent, and Stellar Graphics Supercomputers, Hitachi S-820/80,
Hypercube simulation on a LAN at ORNL,
3D FEMWATER, a three-dimensional finite element model is developed to simulate water flow through saturated-unsaturated media.
1989 CRAY Y-MP, Tim Berners-Lee: World Wide Web project at CERN, Seymour Cray: Founds Cray Computer Corp.-Begins CRAY 3 using gallium arsenide chips, FEMAIR, A finite-element model for simulating airflow through porous media is developed at ORNL to study novel remediation strategies such as in situ soil venting and vacuum extraction.

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