History of Supercomputing

Panel 8 -- 1976-1983

timeline only

More powerful computers are being developed, but these new computers often came with little else but the hardware -- at times leaving researchers to develop their own operating systems. Timesharing (the sharing of computer use by multiple simultaneous users) was developed for CRAYs in such a manner. NSFnet (which would grow to become today's internet) was growing from regional networks established by NSF. With networking clearly becoming a vital part of scientific computing, DOE researchers developed a common file system, allowing remote computers to share access to storage resources.

back to History home
1976 Cray Research-CRAY I vector architecture (designed by Seymour Cray, shaped the computer industry for years to come), delivered to LLNL and LANL; Datapoint introduces ARC (first local area network)
1977 Fiber optic cable, LANL-Common File System (CFS) storage for central & remote computers
1978 DEC introduces VAX11/780 (32 bit super/minicomputer)
1979 Xerox, DEC, Intel - ethernet support
1980 David A. Patterson and John Hennessy "reduced instruction set", CDC Cyber 205
1981 Commercial e-mail service, 64K bits memory-Japan
Establishment of global data centers
1982 Cray X-MP, Japan-fifth generation computer project
1983 1st 8-processor CRAY 2 delivered to NERSC
CDIAC (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center) established at ORNL
CDIAC data products, whole sky imager, balloon born sounding system, NASA data collection airplane

This site provided by the Computer Science and Mathematics Divison of ORNL
URL http://www.csm.ornl.gov/ssi-expo/P8.html