History of Supercomputing

Panel 5 -- 1961-1965

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The seeds of Supercomputing are sown with development of the IBM Stretch--an early attempt to make a quantum leap in computing power. Computing research begins to benefit from computational research. Modeling of ferrous magnetic alloys leads to greater core memory density. The ion-channeling effect, one of the first materials physics discoveries made using computers, is key to the ion implantation used by current chip manufacturers to "draw" transistors with boron atoms inside blocks of silicon.

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1961 IBM Stretch-Multiprogramming
1962 Control Data Corporation opens lab in Chippewa Falls headed by Seymour Cray, Telestar launced, Atlas-virtual memory and pipelined operations, Timesharing-IBM 709 and 7090
1963 IBM 360-third generation computer, Limited test ban treaty, IEEE formed
1964 The Sage System, CDC 6600 designed by Seymour Cray (First commercially successful supercomputer-speed of 9 megaflops)
1965 J.A. Robinson develops unification theory
The ion-channeling effect discovered at ORNL.

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URL http://www.csm.ornl.gov/ssi-expo/P5.html