History of Supercomputing

Panel 8 -- 1976-1983

timeline only

More powerful computers are being developed, but these new computers often came with little else but the hardware -- at times leaving researchers to develop their own operating systems. Timesharing (the sharing of computer use by multiple simultaneous users) was developed for CRAYs in such a manner. NSFnet (which would grow to become today's internet) was growing from regional networks established by NSF. With networking clearly becoming a vital part of scientific computing, DOE researchers developed a common file system, allowing remote computers to share access to storage resources.

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1976 Cray Research-CRAY I vector architecture (designed by Seymour Cray, shaped the computer industry for years to come), delivered to LLNL and LANL; Datapoint introduces ARC (first local area network)
1977 Fiber optic cable, LANL-Common File System (CFS) storage for central & remote computers
1978 DEC introduces VAX11/780 (32 bit super/minicomputer)
1979 Xerox, DEC, Intel - ethernet support
1980 David A. Patterson and John Hennessy "reduced instruction set", CDC Cyber 205
1981 Commercial e-mail service, 64K bits memory-Japan
Establishment of global data centers
1982 Cray X-MP, Japan-fifth generation computer project
1983 1st 8-processor CRAY 2 delivered to NERSC
CDIAC (Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center) established at ORNL
CDIAC data products, whole sky imager, balloon born sounding system, NASA data collection airplane

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