|Panel 7 -- 1971-1975|
Noting DOD's success with ARPANET (the first nationwide network), DOE creates MFEnet and ESnet, nationwide networks linking the labs together and allowing researchers remote access to the first DOE-wide computing center.
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|1971|| CDC Star, Nicholas Wirth develops Pascal,
Ted Hoff, S. Mazor, & F. Fagin-Intel 4004 microprocessor-a "computer on a chip"
Global modeling of terrestrial carbon exchanges
|1972||Ray Tomlinson sends first email, IEEE Computer Society|
|1973||Large-scale integration, Burrough's Illiac IV early large scale parallel processing|
|1974|| John Vincent Atanasoff
recognized as the creator of the modern
The Controlled Thermonuclear Research Computer Center (precursor to NERSC), established to support magnetic fusion research, goes on line in July 1974 with a borrowed computer, a Control Data Corp. 6600 (1 megaflop).
Argonne takes delivery of an IBM 370/195
|1975|| Large-scale integration-10,000 components on 1 sq. cm
Robert Metcalfe "Ether Acquisition", Gordon Bell-Vax Project|
DOE creates ESnet