yearcpus storagetoolsapplications
1954 First computer--ORACLE (Oak Ridge Automated Computer And Logical Engine) photo   
1985First distributed memory parallel computer delivered -- Intel iPSC/1, 32 cpus,
Serial # 1
Photo 7568-85 7217-85 7219-85
  • (1983)CDIAC originated; won Data Center award
  • LANL's CFS storage system
  •   
    1986First shared memory parallel computer delivered -- Sequent Balance 8000, 8 cpus
    Photo 8799-97
     
  • message-passing multiprocessor simulator
  • Denelcor HEP multiprocessor simulator
  •  
    1987  
  • benchmarking of Ametek S14, Intel iPSC, and nCube hypercubes
  •  
    1988Distributed memory -- Intel iPSC/2, 64 cpus,
    Serial # 1
    Photo 7027-91
     
  • Hypercube simulation on a LAN
  • benchmarking of Intel iPSC/2 hypercube
  •  
    1989  
  • PICL developed
  • ParaGraph developed
  • remote host facility for Intel hypercubes
  •  
    1990Distributed memory -- Intel iPSC/860, 128 cpus,
    Serial # 1
    Photo 8056-90 8054-90
  • Storage Tek Tape Robot 1.1 TB
  • ARM archive established
  •  
  • World's first publicly available 3D deterministic radiation transport code (TORT) released by ORNL
  • Gordon Bell award (price/performance)
  • 1st prize IBM Supercomputing competition (Scientific Excellence in Supercomputing)
  • Cray GigaFLOP award for superconductivity calculations
  • 1991 Shared memory -- Kendall Square KSR1-32,
    Serial # 1
    Photo 01344-92
     
  • PVM
  • benchmarking of Intel iPSC/860 and nCube 6400 hypercubes
  • CHAMMP
    1992

    CCS
    added
  • Kendall Square upgraded to KSR1-64 gif
  • Intel Touchstone Sigma with 66 GP nodes (aka Paragon XP/S 5)
    Serial # 1
  • Intel Paragon XP/S 35 with 512 GP nodes gif
  •  
  • PVM application wins SC92 Heterogeneous Computing Challenge ("Most Heterogeneous")
  • hypercube clock synchronization algorithm
  • Spectral transform method parallelized
    1993 XP/S 35 message co-processors enabled Storage Tek upgraded to 4.8 TB
  • XPVM wins Heterogeneous computing challenge (most elegant interface)
  • instrumenting message-passing Fortran
  •  
    1994

    CCII
    formed
  • KSR has 100% uptime
  • Paragon XP/S 35 passes acceptance test
  • XP/S 35 upgraded to 32MB per node
  • XP/S 5 message co-processors enabled
  • IBM SP-2 delivered 05945-96
  • Intel MP XP/S 14 with 96 MP nodes arrives
  • 108 GB Max Strat RAID disk
  • CREO Optical 1 TB/tape
  • IBM 3495 Tape Robot 100 TB
  • NSL-UniTree software
  • ARM archive moved to UniTree
  • PICL 2.0 released
  • DOLIB and DONIO
  • PVM3 wins R&D 100
  • ParaGraph performance analysis package adopted and marketed by Intel SSD.
  • EES verifies interprocessor communication latency of Intel Paragon MP at target figure of 30 microseconds
  • EES research on the effect on performance of job assignment to paragon processors used to design and evaluate scheduling algorithms.
  • CHAMMP run of PCCM2 on 512 nodes of XP/S 35 simulating 250 days
  • Spectral algorithms for shallow water code
  • Order N scaling for LSMS up to 512 atoms
  • Solved microscopic theory of the vortex state in superconductors
  • Magnetic moment inhomogeneities in disordered NiCu alloys
  • CETEP ported to paragons to study Ge adatom on Si
  • GCT 1.0 run on 512 processors (using 1.3 million grid points)
  • PICS Molecular dynamics world record
  • Car crash modeling gif
  • TORT converted from CTSS to UNICOS
  • 1995
    gif
  • MP Paragon XP/S 150 gif
    Photo 00425-95 00424-95
  • HiPPI nodes on Paragons
  • P6 (Pentium Pro) testing
  • XP/S 150 passes acceptance test
  • NASA DAAC at ORNL
  • Cumulvs introduced
  • DONIO improves Large Scale Seismic Application I/O by factor of 25
  • Performance testing of Giganet's ATM/OC-12 interface on Paragon
  • MPI-1 specifications
  • HPF and C++ cross-complilers installed
  • PCCM2 T170 run continuously to one year
  • Nanotechnology
  • CMD run on over 10,000,000 atoms on XP/S 35
  • LSMS run up to 1024 atoms on XP/S 150
  • 1996
  • R&D 100 for GigaNet OC-12C board jpg, jpg
  • TORC (Tennessee-Oak Ridge Cluster) using Linux/NT, Miranet/ATM
  • SGI Onyx Reality Engine 2 for VizLab
  • SGI Onyx Infinite Reality (4 processor SMP) for VizLab
  • XP/S 5 upgraded to XP/S 10
  • IBM 3495 tape library replaced with two IBM 3494's
  • Over 3 TB in UniTree
  • Secure PVM
  • PVM with IP multicast
  • Beta testing the Chen-1000 server
  • Secure Online Facilities gif
  • HFIR project
  • Electronic Notebooks
  • Electron Microscope Project
  • Metacomputing project wins Gold medal for Concurrency at SC96
  • Steering team wins Silver medal for Innovation at SC96
  • PSTSWM shallow water code becomes part of ParkBench
  • BES Award for Outstanding Sci. Accomp. in M&C ( GMR)
  • XP/S 35 & XP/S 150 linked for runs of LSMS 04412-96
  • Native ATM over ESnet between ORNL and SNL Paragons
  • CalTech/JPL world record for synthetic forces (10,000)
  • linked runs of LSMS over ATM on 512 nodes each of ORNL/SNL Paragons
  • Linked runs of LSMS on ORNL Paragon and PSC Cray t3D
  • Multi-tasking speeds up TORT by 4.5 on 8 processor Cray Y-MP
  • 2-d decomposition of CCM3
  • new cartesian algorithm parallelized for climate 0424-96
  • coupled models of climate systems in heterogeneous environment
  • 1997
  • IBM SP2 upgraded to 24 nodes
  • Stone SouperComputer announced
    Photo 127422-97
  • KSR1-64 donated to The Computer Museum at Moffett Field
  • HPSS replaces UniTree (5 million files, 8 TB moved)
  • HPSS wins R&D 100 award
  • MPI-2 specifications
  • AVS/Eigen interface used for LSMS
  • CoVise installed for VizLab
  • DB2 installed
  • linked run of CTH on ORNL/SNL Paragons
  • MCNP (LANL's premiere stochastic radiation transport code) ported to XP/S 150 and run on 1024 nodes
  • linked run of CTH over ATM using PVM on 2048 nodes (1024 each) of ORNL/SNL paragons
  • CalTech/JPG sets another world record for synthetic forces (50,000)
  • 1998
  • Stone SouperComputer up to 126 nodes 127387-97
  • SRC procurement announced
  • Benchmarking on T0 (T-zero), C-plant, and Tera
  • HPSS/ARM up to 3 million files, 12 TB
  • Harness
  • Atlas
  • Protein structure prediction
  • Large scale genome analysis
  • Advanced models for CCM3
  • M4GC adds CLM to improve spin dynamics
  • regional climate science
  • FUTUREhardware?
  • opto-electronic neurocomputing
  • Quantum communications
  • storage?tools? applications?